River Tsitarum (Citarum) located on the island of Java in Indonesia. Once it was slowly flowing river, the fishermen casting their networks, and sea birds forage. Local residents took water from the river for their everyday needs. River water filled the numerous irrigation canals to irrigate the rice fields.
Today the river is Tsitarum on the ecological disaster, choking with tons of household waste produced by nine million people, and the emissions of hundreds of plants.
Carpet of debris on the surface of the river is so tight that the only reminder of the fact that there is water, a small wooden fishing boat floating on the river.
Passengers boats no longer trying to catch fish. Now much more profitable to earn a livelihood catching trash out of the water, which is the former fishermen can then sell – plastic bottles, broken chair legs, wear rubber gloves. At best, the garbage collectors earn their craft 1-2 pounds per week, daily risking catching some disease.
More than 500 factories, many of which produce textile products that require chemical treatment, located on the shores of the 200-mile river, spewing waste into its waters. And there is no such luxury as a service to receive waste.
Does not exist here, and modern toilets. Everything just blends into the river. Dirty water soaks into the soil in rice fields, and families risk their health by taking her for drinking, cooking and washing.
Only 20 years ago it was a beautiful place, then the river has served the people living along its banks.
The decline of the river began with rapid industrialization in the late 1980’s. Majestic Tsitarum soon became garbage storehouse for plants. Moreover, the negative effect will be extended further: Tsitarum – one of two major rivers that feed the lake Saguling (Saguling), in which the French engineers built the largest hydroelectric power plant in West Java.
Experts predict that the river soon clogged by debris so that its deepest drop, and hydroelectric generator will not work properly. Then the area around the sink in the dark, but at least the plants are also stopped, and the waste stream is interrupted.
And, perhaps, the river begins to breathe again