Bryophytes

There are fossil records of blue green algae (Cyanobacteria) living 3000 million years ago and many eukaryotic organisms have existed for more than 1000 million years. However the first organisms to colonize the land, primitive plants did so only 420 millions years ago. The greatest simple problem to overcome in making the transition from water … Read more Bryophytes

Fungi

Conventionally Fungi have been included in plant kingdom. But in pursuance of Whittaker’s five kingdom classification Fungi and Plants (Algae, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes Gymmosperms and Angiosperms) are described here as two separate kingdoms. Angiosperms are not described in detail here. Salient Features Fungi are non chlorophyllous, eukaryotic, organisms. They are a large and successful group. They … Read more Fungi

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