Biodiversity & its protection MCQs Part IV

1) Fruits are good sources of
a) Carbohydrates
b) Fats
c) Proteins
d) Minerals and vitamins

2) The cheapest high-energy fruit crop of India is
a) Banana
b) Guava
c) Apple
d) Mango

3) The richest source of vitamin C is
a) Lemon
b) Orange
c) Emblica officinalis (Amla)
d) Capsicum frutescens

4) Which of the following is a good source of vitamin A?
a) Gram
b) Wheat
c) Banana
d) Mango

5) Sweet orange is
a) Citrus reticulata
b) Citrus aurantium
c) Citrus maxima
d) Citrus sinensis

6) Malic acid is the chief acid in
a) Papaya
b) Guava
c) Apple
d) Mango

7) The fruit containing the enzyme papain belongs to the genus
a) Pyrus
b) Annona
c) Carica
d) Citrus

8) In the cauliflower, which part of the plant is edible?
a) Leaves
b) Stem
c) Root
d) None of the above

9) The cauliflower used as a vegetable is
a) A fleshy inflorescence
b) An undifferentiated compaction of leaves
c) A bunch of fertile flowers
d) Neither a flower nor an inflorescence

10) The edible part of the cauliflower is the
a) fruit
b) Bud
c) Inflorescence
d) Flower

11) Which of the following is a rich source of phosphorus?
a) Potato
b) Soybean
c) Asparagus
d) Cauliflower

12) Cashew wine is prepared from
a) Crushed cashew seeds
b) Cashew nuts extract
c) Cashew seed extract
d) Cashew apple juice

13) Most of India’s cashewnuts come from
a) Kerala
b) Pakistan
c) Afghanistan
d) None of the above

14) Oil-yielding plants are abundant in the family
a) Solanaceae
b) Ranunculaceae
c) Cruciferae
d) Curcurbitaceae

15) Carthamus tinctorius (Safflower) is a/an
a) Medicinal plant
b) Weed
c) Ornamental plant
d) Oil seed crop

16) Which of these is an oil seed crop?
a) Arachis hypogea
b) Solanum tuberosum
c) Cajanus cajan
d) Triticum aestivum

17) Groundnut oil is obtained from the plant
a) Brassica juncea
b) Artabotrys odoratissimus
c) Arachis hypogaea
d) Acacia arabica

18) The peanut or groundnut of commerce from which vegetable oil is obtained,
belongs to the genus

a) Phaseolus
b) Pisum
c) Cajanus
d) Arachis

19) The edible part of the groundnut is buried in soil and morphologically
it is a

a) Root
b) Stem
c) Fruit
d) Leaf

20) Groundnut is chiefly grown in
a) Uttar Pradesh
b) Gujarat
c) Maharashtra
d) M.P.

21) Groundnut oil is a
a) Non-drying oil
b) Essential oil
c) Drying oil
d) None of the above

22) The botanical name of groundnut is
a) Glycine max
b) Dolichos lablab
c) Arachis hypogea
d) Phaseolus radiatus

23) In groundnut (Arachis hypogea), oil is stored in the
a) Endosperm
b) Cotyledons
c) Embryo
d) Tuber

24) The sunflower is principally cultivated for its
a) Oil
b) Alkaloid
c) Starch
d) Protein

25) One of the following is an oil seed crop:
a) Sunflower
b) Rose
c) Marigold
d) Chrysanthemum

26) Clove oil is obtained from the
a) Leaves of Syzygium aromaticum
b) Flower buds of Syzygium aromaticum
c) Rhizome of Vetiveria
d) Both a and b

27) All the following are oil yielding plants except
a) Arachis hypogea
b) Brassica campestris
c) Gossypium
d) Allium cepa

28) A genus of ornamental plants which is now being cultivated for extracting
an important edible oil from its cypsela fruits is

a) Helianthus
b) Brassica
c) Sesamum
d) Cocos

29) Palm oil is obtained from
a) Elaeis guineensis
b) Gossypium arboreum
c) Carthamus tinctorius
d) Olea europea

30) The fleshy mesocarp of a plant is the source of plam oil which is
now in common use as an edible oil. This plant is known by the botanical

a) Metroxylon rumphii
b) Elaeis guineensis
c) Phoenix sylvestris
d) Calamus rotung

31) Lemon-grass oil is extracted from
a) Bymbusa beecheyana
b) Cymbopogon citratus
c) Cymbopogon nardus
d) Cymbopogon martinii

32) Gingelly oil is obtained from
a) Linum usitatissium
b) Brassica rapa
c) Sesamum indicum
d) Cocos nucifera

33) Essential oils are those which are
a) Used in soap manufacture
b) Used in perfumes
c) Essential for the plant producing them
d) Essential for humankind

34) Which of the following is not an essential oil?
a) Clove oil
b) Eucalyptus oil
c) Sandal wood oil
d) Groundnut oil

35) Which of the following yields castor oil?
a) Brassica campestris
b) Ricinus communis
c) Sesamum indicum
d) Cocos nucifera

36) For persons suffering from high blood cholesterol the physicians

a) red meat with layers of fat
b) vanaspati and margarine
c) vegetable oils such as groundnut oil
d) pure desi ghee or butter

37) The castor oil plant (Ricinus communis) belongs to the family
a) Palmae
b) Euphorbiaceae
c) Compositae
d) Cruciferae

38) Which of the following is the main component of jute fibre?
a) Lignin
b) Pectin
c) Cellulose
d) Hemicellulose

39) Which state of India is the largest producer of jute?
a) Andhra Pradesh
b) West Bengal
c) Madhya Pradesh
d) Kerala

40) An example of a monocot fibre yielding plant is
a) Clematis
b) Corchorus
c) Crotalaria
d) Cocos

41) Which of the following is a fibre-yielding plant?
a) Cicer arietinum
b) Impatiens balsamina
c) Crotalaria juncea
d) Triticum vulgare

42) Hemp fibres are obtained from
a) Cannabis sativa
b) Hibiscus
c) Corchorus
d) Linum

43) Which of the following plants yields sunn hemp?
a) Glycine
b) Cocoa
c) Hibiscus
d) Crotalaria

44) Flax fibres are obtained from
a) Cocos nucifera
b) Linum usitatissimum
c) Cannabis sativa
d) Crotalaria juncea

45) Bast fibres are obtained from
a) Gossypium
b) Cocos
c) Corchorus
d) Agave

46) Sunn hemp is obtained from
a) Phloem
b) Xylem
c) Seeds
d) Leaf

47) The most widely grown bast fibre plant in India is
a) Flax
b) Jute
c) Hemp
d) Cotton

48) The fibres associated with phloem are known as
a) Hard fibre
b) Wood fibre
c) Bast fibre
d) Surface fibre

49) Husk fibre or the coir of commerce is obtained from which part of the coconut (Cocos nucifera)?
a) Endocarp
b) Seed coat
c) Mesocarp
d) Epicarp

50) Which of the following is not a plant fibre?
a) Flax
b) Coir
c) Silk
d) Hemp

51) "Sal wood" is obtained from
a) Dalbergia sissoo
b) Tectona grandis
c) Shorea robusta
d) Salmalia malabarica

52) Black wood is obtained from
a) Acacia arabica
b) Dalbergia latifolia
c) Mangifera indica
d) Prosopis spicigera

53) Teak wood is obtained from
a) Terminalia arjuna
b) Tectona grandis
c) Tamarindus indica
d) Thuja

54) Which of the following provides scented sandal wood?
a) Tectona grandis
b) Cedrus deodara
c) Santalum album
d) Dalbergia sissoo

55) Which one of the following woods belongs to the family Leguminosae or Fabaceae?
a) Teak wood
b) Mahogany
c) Indian rosewood
d) Sal

56) Which of the following yields the lightest wood?
a) Tectona grandis
b) Cedrus deodara
c) Dalbergia sissoo
d) Ochroma pyramidale

57) Mahogany wood is obtained from the plant of the family ….
a) Magnoliaceae
b) Rubiaceae
c) Rutaceae
d) Meliaceae

58) In India, hockey sticks are generally made from
a) Morus alba
b) Melia
c) Salix
d) Morus nigra

59) Which of the following woods is used in making cricket bats?
a) Salix purpurea (Willow)
b) Morus alba (Mulberry)
c) Cedrus deodora (Deodar)
d) Tectona grandis (Teak)

60) Wood from which plant is not used for making match stick and
match boxes?

a) Anthocephalus indicus
b) Morus alba
c) Salmalia malabarica
d) Boswellia serrata

61) Cork is obtained from the cork tree because
a) It is one of the longest trees
b) It grows in abundance
c) It grows in the Mediterranean climate
d) The layer of cork is sufficiently thick

62) Turpentine is obtained from
a) Pteridophyta
b) Gymnosperm wood
c) Angiosperm wood
d) Angiosperm flower

63) Resin is extracted from the plants of the family
a) Cruciferae
b) Rutaceae
c) Pinaceae
d) Myrtaceae

64) Rubber is obtained from
a) Resin
b) Cell sap
c) Latex
d) Gum

65) Rubber is obtained by
a) Crushing the fruits and collecting the latex of Achras zapota
b) Crushing the stem of Euphorbia
c) Tapping the stem of Hevea brasiliensis
d) Tapping the stem of Carica papaya

66) Rubber is obtained from
a) Ficus elastica
b) Castilla elastica
c) Hevea brasiliensis
d) Michelia champaca

67) Hevea brasiliensis is a source of
a) Rubber
b) Spice
c) Beverage
d) Dye

68) Most rubber plants belong to the family
a) Cannaceae
b) Euphorbiaceae
c) Cactaceae
d) Lauraceae

69) The Indian rubber tree (Ficus elastica) belongs to the family
a) Moraceae
b) Euphorbiaceae
c) Papaveraceae
d) Asclepiadaceae

70) Rubber in India is obtained from
a) Parthenium hysterophorus
b) Hevea brasiliensis
c) Castilla elastica
d) Ficus elastica

71) Para rubber is obtained from
a) Hevea brasiliensis
b) Castilla elastica
c) Manihot glaziovii
d) Ficus elastica

72) The most important source of natural rubber is
a) Ficus elastica
b) Hevea brasiliensis
c) Parthenium hysterophorus
d) Cryptostegia grandiflora

73) One of the following is a source of rubber:
a) Tectona grandis
b) Cedrus deodara
c) Hevea brasiliensis
d) Michelia champaca

74) Ceara rubber is prepared from the latex of
a) Hevea brasiliensis
b) Manihot glaziovii
c) Ficus elastica
d) Castilla elastica

75) Coffee and tea may be categorised as
a) Alcoholic beverages
b) Distilled beverages
c) Non-alcoholic beverages
d) Fermented beverages

76) One of the major foreign exchange earning crops of India is
a) Wheat
b) Tea
c) Rice
d) Coffee

77) The botanical name of tea is
a) Sinensis thea
b) Sinensis
c) Thea sinensis
d) Coffea arabica

78) India ranks first in the production of
a) Tea
b) Potato
c) Sweet potato
d) Corn

79) Tea can be grown
a) At the sea shore
b) In elevated areas
c) In dry places
d) At sea level

80) Which of the following parts of the coffee plant yield coffee?
a) Flowers
b) Seeds
c) Leaves
d) Fruits

81) The coffee plant belongs to
a) Sterculiaceae
b) Rubiaceae
c) Annonaceae
d) Cruciferae

82) Cocoa (Theobroma cacao of Sterculiaceae) is actually obtained

a) Bark
b) Root
c) Leaf
d) Seeds

83) Cardamom is the seed of
a) Prunus persica
b) Elettaria cardamomum
c) Prunus amygdalus
d) Coffea arabica

84) Cinnamon is obtained from
a) Coriandrum sativum
b) Cinnamonum zeylanicum
c) Capsicum annuum
d) Eugenia caryophyllata

85) Saffron plants belong to the family
a) Iridaceae
b) Araceae
c) Zingiberaceae
d) Liliaceae

86) The style and stigma are useful in the production of
a) Asafoetida
b) Saffron
c) Fennel
d) Psyllium

87) Saffron is produced from the
a) Stamens of Hibiscus
b) Petals of Musa
c) Roots of Indigofera
d) Styles and stigmas of Crocus plants

88) Clove is a
a) Fruit
b) Flower bud (dried flower bud)
c) Vegetative bud
d) Seed

89) Which of the following is the source of chewing gum?
a) Fluid from Musa paradisiaca
b) Latex from Achras sapota
c) Sugar from sugarcane
d) Gum arabic from Acacia spp.

90) Tobacco leaves contain
a) Capsicin
b) Colchicine
c) Nicotine
d) Aspirin

91) Which of the following yields charas?
a) Female flowers of Ficus religiosa
b) Male flowers of Euphorbia hirta
c) Female flowers of Cannabis sativa
d) Male flowers of Luffa cylindrica

92) Which part of the poppy plant yields opium?
a) Latex from unripe capsules
b) Dried seeds
c) Dried roots
d) Dried leaves

93) Which of the following is a latex based alkaloid?
a) Ephedrine from Ephedra
b) Morphine from Opium
c) Atropine from Atropa
d) Daturine from Datura

94) Morphine is extracted from
a) Cinchona officinalis
b) Papaver somniferum
c) Ruvolfia serpentina
d) Aconitum napellus

95) A drug to check high blood pressure is obtained from
a) Digitalis spp.
b) Cinchona spp.
c) Rauwolfia spp.
d) None of the above

96) A drug for treatment of hypertension is
obtained from

a) Zingiber officinale
b) Atropa belladona
c) Rauwolfia serpentina
d) Digitalis purpuria

97) Which one of the following is an Indian medicinal plant?
a) Oryza sativa
b) Solanum melongena
c) Rauwolfia serpentina
d) Saccharum officinarum

98) Reserpine, a drug, is extracted from roots of the following
plant which cures the mental disorders and reduces the blood pressure
or (An anti- hypertension drug is derived from)

a) Ferula foetida
b) Rauwolfia serpentina
c) Digitalis purpurea
d) Atropa belladona

99) Rauwolfia serpentina is a medicinal plant which belongs to the

a) Compositae
b) Solananceae
c) Apocynaceae
d) Liliaceae

100) One of the following is a plant of medicinal value:
a) Rauwolfia serpentina
b) Brassica oleracea
c) Cryptostegia grandiflora
d) Coffea robusta


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