Chemistry in Everyday Life MCQs – 1

1) The bleaching action of bleaching powder is due to the liberation of

2) Which acts as an inhibitor of knocking in the combustion of petrol?
c) Both (A+B)
d) None

3) The hydrolysis of protein in the stomach and intestine takes place due to the action of the enzyme
a) Pepsin in the stomach, trypsin in the intestine
b) Trypsin in the stomach, pepsin in the intestine
c) Both
d) None

4) Alizarin a mordant dye is not used in
a) Cotton dyeing
b) Printing
c) Painting
d) Chromium lakes for wool dyeing

5) Indigo belongs to
a) Vat dyes
b) Mordant dyes
c) Direct dyes
d) Ingrain dyes

6) Detergents have the common group
a) RNa
b) RONa

7) Indigo is an example of
a) Orange- I
b) Indigoid
c) Malachite green
d) Martius Yellow

8) A red colour is imparted to ceramic ware by
a) Iron oxide
b) Cadmium salts
c) Manganese salts
d) Chromium salts

9) Morphine is used as an
a) Antipyretic
b) Antiseptic
c) Analgesic
d) Insecticide.

10) Novalgin is a common
a) Analgesic
b) Antibiotic
c) Antipyretic
d) Both (a) and (c)

11) A substance, which can act both as an analgesic and antipyretic, is
a) Quinine
b) Aspirin
c) Penicillin
d) Insulin.

12) The chemical extracted from the plant Rauwolfia serpentina is
a) Aspirin
b) Quinine
c) Bithional
d) Reserpine

13) Heroin is a derivative of
a) Caffeine
b) Cocaine
c) Nicotine
d) Morphine.

14) Chemically heroin is
a) Morphine diacetate
b) Morphine monoacetate
c) Morphine dibenzoate
d) Morphine monobenzoate.

15) Sulpha drugs are derivatives of
a) Benzenesulphonic acid
b) Sulphanilic acid
c) Sulphanilamide
d) p-Aminobenzoic acid.

16) A sulpha drug used for the treatment of pneumonia is
a) Sulphadiazine
b) Sulphaguanidine
c) Sulphanilamide
d) Sulphapyridine.

17) A sulpha drug, which is used in the treatment of bacillary dysentery is
a) Sulphathiazole
b) Sulphaguanidine
c) Sulphadiazine
d) Sulphamezathine

18) A medicine which promotes secretion of urine is called a
a) Diuretic
b) Antipyretic
c) Analgesic
d) Sedative

19) Which of the following is a hypnotic drug?
a) Luminal
b) Salol
c) Piperazine
d) Novalgin

20) Which of the following is a tranquilliser?
a) Luminal
b) Seconal
c) Equanil
d) All the three

21) Which of the following is/are hallocinogenic drugs?
a) Lyseric acid diethylamide
b) Salicylic acid amide
c) Mescaline
d) Both (a) and (c)

22) Which of the following are used as general anaesthetic agents?
a) Morphine
b) Pethidine
c) Diethyl ether
d) All the three

23) Which of the following is used as a local anaesthetic agent?
a) Diazepam
b) Procaine
c) Mescaline
d) Seconal

24) Penicillin was discovered by
a) Alexander Fleming
b) Ziegler and Natta
c) Walkman
d) Abraham

25) The antibiotic used for curing tuberculosis is
a) Penicillin
b) Streptomycin
c) Tetracycline
d) Chloromycetin.

26) Which of the following is not a broad-spectrum antibiotic?
a) Tetracycline
b) Chloromycetin
c) Penicillin
d) None of the above.

27) An antibiotic effective in treatment of pneumonia, bronchitis etc. is
a) Penicillin
b) Patalin
c) Chloromycetin
d) Tetracycline

28) The antiseptic action of Dettol is due to
a) Chlorobenzene
b) Chloroxylenol
c) Chloroquine
d) Chloramphenicol.

29) Salol can be used as a/an
a) Antiseptic
b) Antipyretic
c) Analgesic
d) Disinfectant

30) Which of the following is not an antiseptic drug?
a) lodoform
b) Dettol
c) Gammexane
d) Gentian violet

31) Which of the following is/are monoliquid propellants?
d) All the three

32) A composite solid propellant is
c) Polyurethane + ammonium perchloride
d) Nirocellulose + nitroglycerine

33) The performance of composite propellants can be enhanced by using some additives such as
a) Zinc dust
b) Finely divided Mg or Al
c) Iron filings
d) Copper powder.

34) Which of the following represents a biliquid propellant?
c) Nitroglycerine + nitrocellulose
d) Polybutadiene + ammonium perchlorate

35) A hybrid propellant uses
a) A solid fuel and a liquid oxidiser
b) A composite solid propellant
c) A biliquid propellant
d) A monoliquid propellant

36) Which of the following represents a double base propellant?
a) Nitromethane
b) Nitrocellulose + nitroglycerine

37) The PSLV rocket uses
a) Only solid propellants
b) Only monoliquid propellants
c) Only biliquid propellants
d) Both solid and biliquid propellants

38) SLV-3 and ASLV rockets uses
a) Hybrid propellants
b) Composite solid propellants
c) Double base propellants
d) Biliquid propellants.

39) Which of the following is not used as a propellant ?
a) Hydrazine
b) Unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine
c) Monomethylhydrazine
d) Phenylhydrazine.

40) The specific impulse (ls) of a propellant is related to the flame temperature (Tc) inside the rocket
motor by the equation


41) 2, 4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid is used as a/an
a) Fungicide
b) Insecticide
c) Herbicide
d) Moth repellent

42) An example of a psychedelic agent is
a) DNA
b) LSD
c) DDT
d) TNT

43) An example of an antipyretic is
a) Quinine
b) Paracetamol
c) Luminal
d) Piperazine

44) Chloramphenicol is an
a) Analgesic
b) Anaesthetic
c) Antibiotic
d) Antiseptic

45) The drug used as an antidepressant is
a) Luminal
b) Tofranil
c) Mescaline
d) Sulphadiazine

46) Substances used in bringing down the body temperature in high fever are called
a) Antiseptics
b) Pyretics
c) Antibiotics
d) Antipyretics

47) Which of the following is an antibiotic?
a) Ampicillin
b) Aspirin
c) Calmpose
d) Chloroquine.

48) One of the most widely used drugs in medicine is iodex which is
a) Methyl salicylate
b) Ethyl salicyate
c) Acetylsalicylic acid
d) o-Hydroxybenzoic acid

49) Detergents are prepared by the action of H2SO4 followed by neutralization by starting with
a) Cholesterol
b) Lauryl alcohol
c) Cyclohexanol
d) p-Nitrophenol

50) Which of the following is known as a broad-spectrum antibiotic?
a) Streptomycin
b) Ampicillin
c) Chloramphenicol
d) Penicillin

51) Arsenic drugs are mainly used in the treatment of
a) Jaundice
b) Typhoid
c) Syphilis
d) Cholera

52) Alum is used by dyers of cloth
a) For fire-proofing fabrics
b) As first aid for cuts
c) For softening hard water
d) As a mordant

53) Alizarin belongs to the class of
a) Vat dyes
b) Mordant dyes
c) Substantive dyes
d) Reactive dyes.

54) Diazo coupling is useful to prepare some
a) Pesticides
b) Dyes
c) Proteins
d) Vitamins

55) Phenol is used as
a) An antiseptic
b) A disinfectant
c) Both (a) and (b)
d) A styptic

56) A structurally biodegradable detergent should contain a
a) Normal alkyl chain
b) Branched alkyl chain
c) Phenyl side chain
d) Cyclohexyl side chain

57) Aspirin is chemically
a) Methyl salicylate
b) Ethyl salicylate
c) Acetylsalicylic acid
d) o-Hydroxybenzoic acid

58) Which of the following is a basic dye ?
a) Alizarin
b) Phthalein
c) Aniline yellow
d) Orange-l

59) The following compound is used as

a) An anti-inflammatory compound
b) Analgesic
c) Hypnotic
d) Antiseptic.

60) Which of the following is an azo dye?
a) Methyl orange
b) Phenolphthalein
c) Malachite green
d) Methylene blue

61) Paracetamol is
a) Both antipyretic and analgesic
b) analgesic
c) antipyretic
d) Antimalarial

62) Which of the following can possibly be used as an analgesic without causing addiction and modification?
a) Morphine
b) N-Acetyl-para-aminophenol
c) Diazepam
d) Tetrahydrocatenol

63) 2, 4, 6-Trinitrophenol is a/an
a) Acid dye
b) Basic dye
c) Azo dye
d) Vat dye.

64) Which of the following are used as oxidizers in rocket propellants ?
d) All the above

65) Aspirin is an acetylation product of
a) p-Dihydroxybenzene
b) o-Hydroxybenzoic acid
c) o-Dihydroxybenzene
d) m-Hydroxybenzoic acid

66) Which of the following is an antidiabetic drug ?
a) Insulin
b) Penicillin
c) Chloroquine
d) Aspirin

67) Aspirin is a/an
a) Antibiotic
b) Antipyretic
c) Antiseptic
d) None of these.

68) Amoxillin is a semi-synthetic modification of
a) Penicillin
b) Streptomycin
c) Tetracycline
d) Chloroampheniol.

69) 2-Acetoxybenzoic acid is called
a) Antiseptic
b) Aspirin
c) Antibiotic
d) Mordant dye.

70) Which of the following is used for inducing sleep ?
a) Paracetamol
b) Chloroquine
c) Bithional
d) Barbituric acid derivatives.

71) Which of the following is not true ?
a) Some defectants can be used as antiseptics
b) Sulphadiazine is a synthetic antibacterial
c) Aspirin is analgesic as well as antipyretic
d) Polystyrene is used to make non-stick cookware

72) Pheromones are chemicals
a) Formed by fermentation process of fungi
b) Secreted by endocrine glands of man
c) Secreted outside the body of insects
d) Plant growth hormones

73) The drug given during hypertension is
a) Streptomycin
b) Chloroxylenol
c) Equanil
d) Aspirin

74) The indicator used in the titration of a strong acid and a strong base is
a) Phenolphthalein
b) Methyl orange
c) Alizarin yellow
d) Red litmus

75) A broad spectrum antibiotic is
a) Paracetamol
b) Penicillin
c) Aspirin
d) Chloramphenicol.

76) An example of an anthraquinone dye is
a) Alizarin
b) Basic acid
c) Methylene blue
d) Phenolphthalein.

77) Which among the following is not the correct match ?
a) Silk (polyamide)
b) Indigo (azodye)
c) Lipase (ester)
d) Keratin (protein).

78) Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists :

List I                                           List II
I. lodoform                                 A. Anaesthetic
II. Methyl salicylate                    B. Antiseptic
III. Diethyl ether                         C. Insecticide
IV. Hexachlorocyclohexane     D. Detergent
E. Pain balm Codes
a) I—b, II—E, III—C, IV—D
b) I—d, II—B, III—A, IV—C
c) I—b, II—e, III—A, IV—C
d) I—C, II—A, III—D, IV—B

79) The propellent used in SLV-3 is
a) Solid
b) Liquid
c) Solid-Liquid
d) Biliquid.

80) During the deepening of the colour of a dye, the absorption shifts towards red. This shifting is called the
a) Bathochromic shift
b) Hyprochromic shift
c) Hyperchromic shift
d) Auxochromic shift.

81) Streptomycin, a well known antibiotic, is a derivative of
a) Peptides
b) Carbohydrates
c) Purines
d) Terpenes

82) Which of the following sets of reactants is used for preparation of paracetamol from phenol?

83) In the following sets of compounds, the one which contains only medicinal compounds is :
a) Alizarin, phenacetin, morphine
b) Aspirin, gentian violet, phenolphthalein
c) Boric acid, chloramphenicol, aspirin
d) Oxodecanoic acid, boric acid, morphine.

84) Alizarin dye obtained from the root of madder plant is an anthraquinone derivative. Its structure corresponds to
a) 1,2-Dihydroxyanthraquinone
b) 2, 3-Dihydroxyanthraquinone
c) 1, 4-Dihydroxyanthraquinone
d) 1-Hydroxyanthraquinone

85) Which of the following is/are -lactam antibiotic/s?
a) Penicillin
b) Cephalosporin
c) Both (a) and (b)
d) Terramycin

86) Malachite green is a direct dye for silk and wool. It is prepared by condensing
a) Benzaldehyde and N, N-dimethylaniline
b) Carbonyl chloride and N, N-dimethylaniline
c) Benzenediazonium chloride with N, N-dimethylaniline
d) None of the above

87) Fluorescein, a well known dye, is obtained by condensation of
b) Phthalic anhydride and resorcinol
c) Phthalic anhydride and catechol
d) Succinic acid and resorcinol

88) Optical brighteners emit
a) Yellow light
b) Blue light
c) Red light
d) Green light

89) Which of the following represents a colourless substance?

90) Which of the following dyes does not possess antiseptic properties ?
a) Acriflavine
b) Gentian violet
c) Methylene blue
d) Phenolphthalein

91) A drug which is structurally related to adrenaline is
a) Salbutamol
b) Salvarsan
c) Diazepam
d) LSD

92) Oral contraceptive drugs contain
a) Mestranol
b) Norethindrone
c) Both (a) and (b)
d) None of the above

93) Which of the following does not behave as a surfactant?
a) Soap
b) Detergent
c) Phospholipid
d) Triglycerides

94) Which of the following contain a nitro group ?
a) Maritius yellow
b) Chloramphenicol
c) Benzylpenicillin
d) Both (a) and (b)

95) Which of the following are basic dyes ?
a) Aniline yellow
b) Martius yellow
c) Butter yellow
d) Both (a) and (c)

96) Anthraquinone dyes are :
a) Indigo
b) Alizarin
c) Celliton fast pink B
d) Both (b) and (c)

97) Among the following, broad spectrum antibiotics are
a) Tetracycline
b) Chloromycetin
c) Streptomycin
d) Both (a) and (b)

98) Non-narcotic analgesics are
a) Phenylbutazone
b) Brufen
c) Brufen
d) Both (a) and (c)

99) Which of the following are tranquillisers ?
a) Veronal
b) Luminal
c) Seconal
d) All the above

100) Which of the following are phthalein dyes ?
a) Phenolphthalein
b) Fluorescein
c) Eosin
d) All the above


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