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Sterilization Process

27 March 2012 - Microbiology - Javed Shaik - No Comments

Definition
Sterilization is the freeing of an article from all living organisms, including bacteria and their spores.

Sterilization of culture media, containers and instruments is essential in microbiological work for isolation and maintenance of microbes. In surgery and medicine, the sterilization of instruments, drugs and other supplies is important for the prevention of infection. Sterilization can be effected in a variety of ways, which can be conveniently categorized as follows:

I. PHYSICAL METHODS
A.Heat :
1. Dry heat
2. Moist heat
B.Radiations
1. Ultraviolet radiations
2. Ionizing radiations
C.Filtration
II. CHEMICAL METHODS

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