Lung cancer and its treatment in modern medicine

rak-ligkikhThere are four stages of lung cancer – the first stage is characterized by the presence of tumor in the lung up to three inches, at a second stage of the tumor reaches a size of six inches, at a third stage of the tumor, usually greater than six inches and close to affect other tissues located at the fourth (of the severe) stage of the tumor has spread to other organs.

Methods of treatment of lung cancer in Russia, as well as throughout the world, are used, depending on the stage of the disease.

Each patient is assigned to individual treatment, which may be surgical or palliative, without interference or radiological. Very often, patients receive chemotherapy.

With symptomatic treatment of disease manifestations may weaken. Palliative treatment is used to extend the quality of life of the patient. With radical treatment removes all infected tissue, but it is no guarantee of a complete cure of the patient and there is a risk of metastasis.

When radical surgery is done removing all the affected organs – part of the lung, metastatic foci, lymph nodes and other organs, in which the cancer has started metastases. There are cases that arise impossibility of total surgical treatment. In that case prescribe palliative surgery – removal surgery available to the affected tissues. Those tissues that can not operate, subject to other treatments.

If surgery is contraindicated in patients treated with radiation therapy or chemotherapy. To patients with squamous cell carcinoma radiotherapy administered to him, and if diagnosed with non-small cell lung cancer – chemotherapy is performed. Irradiate the tumor itself, as well as the spread of metastasis foci. Chemotherapy is performed several times. The frequency of its assigned for each patient individually, depending on the prevalence of cancer foci and the individual patient. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are a component of palliative care.

Treatment of lung cancer in Russia is conducted in public health institutions in which there oncology department, and private hospitals.

If surgery is contraindicated in patients treated with radiation therapy or chemotherapy. To patients with squamous cell carcinoma radiotherapy administered to him, and if diagnosed with non-small cell lung cancer – chemotherapy is performed. Irradiate the tumor itself, as well as the spread of metastasis foci. Chemotherapy is performed several times. The frequency of its assigned for each patient individually, depending on the prevalence of cancer foci and the individual patient. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are a component of palliative care.

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