Reflex Action

A reflex is a fast, unpremeditated, automatic response to the changes in the environment. It is a homeostatic mechanism. A reflex that involves the brain as the integrating centre is called a cranial reflex while that ...

Helminthic Diseases

Helminths are animals that belong to the phyla Platyhelminthes and Nematoda (Nemathel- minthes). Many parasitic forms of this group, popularly known as parasitic worms, are endoparasites of gut and blood in human body and cause various diseases ...