Biodiversity & its protection MCQs Part I

1) Flowering in Melocanna bambusoides and Bambusa tulda occurs
a) Every year
b) Once in 12 years
c) Once in 6 years
d) Once in 48 years

2) A monocarpic plant which comes to flower at the age of 48 years is
a) Pinus
b) Banyan
c) Melocanna
d) Sequoia

3) The branch of biology that deals with the distribution of animals is
a) Natural history
b) Paleontology
c) Ecology
d) Zoogeography

4) Name the management system which deals on ecological principles with
the establishment, growth and reproduction of timber trees

a) Afforestation
b) Silviculture
c) Horticulture
d) Agronomy

5) The life span of the sequoia tree is about
a) 3000-4000 years
b) 90 years
c) 200 years
d) 140 years

6) The survival of a species is ensured by
a) Reproduction
b) Death
c) Senescence
d) Metabolism

7) The divergence in various directions and habitats is called
a) Radiation
b) Adaptive radiation
c) Divergence
d) Adaptation

8) The term biomagnification refers to the
a) Increase in the concentration of non-degradable pollutants as they pass through the food chain
b) Increase in population size
c) Growth of organisms due to food consumption
d) Blowing up of environment issues by man

9) The loss of species in tropical countries is mainly due to
a) Pollution
b) Soil erosion
c) Deforestation
d) Urbanization

10) Social forestry in India was initiated during
a) 1989-90
b) 1993-94
c) 1963-64
d) 1981-82

11) Which of the following birds has gained importance in wildlife in recent years?
a) Pheasant
b) Egret
c) Indian Bustard
d) Pelican

12) Idri idri is found in
a) Australia
b) Madagascar
c) Mauritius
d) Tasmania

13) Plant genes of endangered species are stored in a
a) Gene library
b) Gene bank
c) Herbarium
d) None of the above

14) The species of animal protected in the Kaziranga sanctuary is
a) Macaca mulatta
b) Panthera tigris
c) Panthera leo
d) Rhinoceros unicornis

15) A feature characteristic of the mangroves of the Sunderbans is
a) Pneumatophores
b) Vivipary
c) Prop roots
d) all above

16) Maximum productivity is shown by a
a) Tropical rain forest
b) Temperate forest
c) Savannah
d) All above

17) The poikilothermic animal amongst the following is the
a) Tortoise
b) Otter
c) Whale
d) Penguin

18) An animal which became extinct from India is the
a) Panthera leo
b) Antelope
c) Rhinoceros
d) Acinonyx

19) If the number of a species increases in any national park
it can be due to

a) Intraspecific competition
b) Interspecific competition
c) Emigration
d) Mutualism

20) The best method to conserve the genetic material of plants is
a) Cold storage
b) Tissue culture
c) Seed storage
d) Growing them in their natural habitat

21) In India, tropical rain forests occur in
a) Jammu & Kashmir
b) Assam
c) Rajasthan
d) Himachal Pradesh

22) Which of the following communities is more vulnerable to
invasion by outside animals and plants?

a) Tropical evergreen forest
b) Temperate forests
c) Oceanic island communities
d) Mangroves

23) Deforestation leads to
a) Soil erosion
b) Global warming
c) Soil protection
d) a and b

24) Wild life destruction is caused to a maximum extent by
a) Less production of young ones
b) Deforestation
c) Hunting
d) Pollution

25) The Chipko movement is associated with
a) Soil conservation
b) Forest conservation
c) Pollution
d) Green revolution

26) Which of the following can be traced on hilltops?
a) Alpines
b) Conifers
c) Prairies
d) Savannahs

27) What is the major cause of diminishing wild life numbers?
a) Cannibalism
b) Habitat destruction
c) Intraspecific competition
d) None above

28) Dudhwa National Park is located in
a) Madhya Pradesh
b) Andhra Pradesh
c) Arunachal Pradesh
d) Uttar Pradesh

29) A sal forest is a
a) Tropical rain forest
b) Tropical evergreen forest
c) Temperate deciduous forest
d) Deciduous forest

30) Which of the following has recently become extinct?
a) Snow leopard
b) Indian Macaque
c) Cheetah
d) Tiger

31) MAB stands for
a) Man, antigens, biology
b) Man and biosphere
c) Man and biology
d) Man and biotic community

32) The Periyar sanctuary is famous for its
a) Elephants
b) Wild buffaloes
c) Wild bears
d) Swamp deer

33) Chipko Andolan (Movement) which was started in1970 in
Garhwal/Himalayas (Gopeshwar) near Alaknanda river was
for the first time initiated by

a) Chander Pradesh Bhat
b) Sunder Lal Bahaguna
c) Baba Amte
d) Vinoba Bhave

34) In which state is the Kanha National Park?
a) Rajasthan
b) Uttar Pradesh
c) Madhya Pradesh
d) Assam

35) The Siberian crane from Russia is a regular visitor
to the bird sanctuary in one of the following places in India:

a) Lalbagh, Bangalore
b) Vendanthgol Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu
c) Ranganathittis Sanctuary, Karnataka
d) Bharatpur sanctuary, Rajasthan

36) For conservation of tigers Project Tiger is being run in the country. How many tiger reserves are there under this project?
a) 10
b) 14
c) 12
d) More than 16

37) The first national park established in India was
a) Kanha
b) Periyar
c) Corbett
d) Bandipur

38) Kanha National Park is known for its
a) Tigers
b) Flamingoes
c) Indian bustard
d) Crocodiles

39) Forest destruction results in
a) Loss of wild life
b) Famine, floods and drought
c) Soil erosion
d) All of the above

40) Wildlife is destroyed mostly when
a) There is a lack of proper care
b) Mass scale hunting for foreign trade occurs
c) The natural habitat is destroyed
d) Natural calamities occur

41) The best protection of animals and plants is in
a) Botanical gardens
b) Zoos
c) National parks
d) Sanctuaries

42) The National Park associated with the rhinoceros is
a) Kaziranga
b) Ranthambore
c) Corbett
d) Valley of Flowers

43) Forests participate in
a) Controlling pollution
b) Prevention of soil erosion
c) Maintenance of ecological balance
d) All the above

44) The Ranthambore National park is located in
a) Maharashtra
b) Rajasthan
c) Gujarat
d) MP

45) Deforestation cannot bring
a) Quick nutrient cycling
b) Soil erosion
c) Alteration of local weather conditions
d) Destruction of the natural habitat of wild animals

46) Afforestation should be done with
a) Exotic species
b) Indigenous species
c) Bamboos
d) Sequoia

47) Ranganthittu Sanctuary (Mysore) is known for its population of
a) Bison
b) Tiger
c) Goats
d) Birds

48) In a National Park protection is provided to
a) Fauna only
b) Flora only
c) Wild life
d) Rare animals only

49) What is the generic name of the Indian peacock?
a) Milvus migrans
b) Parser domesticus
c) Pavo cristatus
d) Paradise flycatcher

50) The protection of animal species is important because
they are

a) Lovely creatures
b) Useful to humans as part of the ecosystem
c) To be studied by zoologists
d) Man cannot recreate a lost species

51) A whale washed ashore dies because of the
a) Increase in its body temperature
b) Incapability to breathe
c) Crushing of its bones under the body weight
d) Cracking of the skin

52) The lion tailed monkeys (Macaca silenus) are found
only in these regions

a) Kaziranga and other parts of Assam
b) Eastern ghats and Madras
c) Western ghats
d) Himalayan mountains

53) Coniferous forests in India are found in the
a) MP
b) the Himalayan regions
c) the Satpura Hills
d) Rajasthan

54) The country which hosted the first World Earth Summit
on conservation of environment is

a) India
b) Brazil
c) Peru
d) Spain

55) Alpine forests occur at an altitude of
a) 3900-6000 m
b) 1900-3000 m
c) 1000-1500 m
d) 500-1000 m

56) Today … % of the total land surface of the earth covering
almost 665 million hectares has been set aside as nationally protected areas:

a) 10
b) 6.5
c) 4.9
d) 20

57) The Earth Summit at Rio de Janeiro was related to
a) Soil fertility
b) Survey of natural resources
c) Conservation of the environment
d) Prevention of the environment

58) A biome characterized by hot summer, warm winter
and treeless vegetation is the

a) Tropical desert
b) Steppe grassland
c) Savanna grassland
d) Temperate desert

59) Deforestation is the major causal agent of
a) Depletion of natural resources
b) Environment pollution
c) Desertification of the habitat
d) All the above

60) One of the following is associated with the conservation of forests:
a) Kaziranga
b) Bharatpur
c) Silent Valley
d) Gir

61) Which of the following functions performed by a forest helps most in controlling drought?
a) Forests act as watersheds
b) Forests prevents rainfall in the monsoon
c) Forests bring rainfall in the monsoon
d) Both a and c

62) A national park meant for the conservation of the Nilgiri tahr is the
a) Bandipur National park
b) Silent Valley National park
c) Eravikulam National park
d) Corbett National park

63) The first biosphere reserve to be established in
India is

a) Gulf of Mannar
b) Nokrek
c) Great Nicobar
d) Nilgiri

64) A biosphere reserve was started in India in
a) 1973
b) 1972
c) 1986
d) 1990

65) World forestry day is

66) The peculiar habitat of the tiger is
a) Ranthambore National park
b) Corbett National park
c) the Sunderbans
d) Gir National park

67) The symbol of WWF is the
a) Red panda
b) White bear
c) Giant panda
d) Asiatic lion

68) Ex situ conservation is carried out in
a) a National Park
b) the natural habitat
c) Outside the natural habitat but in a biosphere
d) a zoo

69) Which should be given priority in conservation?
a) Rare species
b) Endangered species
c) Vulnerable species
d) Indeterminate species

70) Threatened species which have a sizeable population
are called

a) Vulnerable
b) Indeterminate
c) Rare
d) Endangered

71) The Red data book is maintained by
c) FAO
d) WWF

72) Which of the following is an example for extinction of animals due to the introduction of exotic species?
a) Dodo
b) Cheetah
c) Blatta orientalis
d) California condor

73) Which of the following is meant for the conservation
of traditional life styles of tribals and varied domesticated plant and animal genetic resources?

a) A National park
b) A sanctuary
c) A biosphere reserve
d) A zoological park

74) Which of these is not a wild animal product?
a) Ivory
b) Musk
c) Fur
d) Resin

75) The bird that became extinct in the 17th century due to indiscriminate killing by man for its flesh was the
a) Dodo
b) Archaeopteryx
c) Bustard
d) Aepeyornis

76) The outermost zone of a biosphere reserve is the
a) Manipulation zone
b) Core zone
c) Buffer zone
d) None of these

77) The biosphere reserve that comes under Kerala, Karnataka,
and Tamil Nadu

a) Gulf of Mannar
b) Nilgiri
c) Valley of Flowers
d) Nanda devi

78) A high density of a protected animal in a National Park can result in
a) Emigration
b) Predation
c) Mutualism
d) Intraspecific interaction

79) Flamingoes breed in
a) Chilka lake
b) Sambhar lake
c) Rann of Kutch
d) Lake Mansarovar

80) Lions in India are now found in
a) The forest of western ghats
b) the Gir forest
c) The forest of Madhya Pradesh
d) Jim Corbett National Park

81) What is the generic name of the Indian peacock ?
a) Pavo cristatus
b) Milvus migrans
c) Paradise flycatcher
d) Parser domesticus

82) One of the following set is of useful animals with medicinal value to mankind

83) One of the following groups include animals whose eggs are consumed by us:
a) Gallus, Chelone, Turkey
b) Turkey, Fowl, Duckbilled platypus
c) Rana hexadactyla, Varanus, gallus
d) Python, gallus, chelone

84) Broodiness in layer birds can be rectified by giving a hormonal injection of
a) progesterone
b) oestrogen
c) thyroxine
d) pituitary extract

85) The ideal floor space requirement for a layer bird is about
a) 2 to 25 sq. feet
b) 3 to 4 sq. feet
c) 10 sq. feet
d) 4 to 5 sq. feet

86) The scientific name of the Indian buffalo is
a) Bubalus bubalis
b) Bos indicus
c) Bos taurus
d) None of the above

87) Which of the following diseases is due to an allergic reaction?
a) goitre
b) enteric fever
c) skin cancer
d) hay fever

88) Which part or parts of the sandalwood plant is rich in oil?
a) Heartwood
b) Roots
c) Heartwood and roots
d) Heartwood and flowers

89) Cedar wood oil is obtained from
a) Pinus wood
b) Juniperus wood
c) Cycas wood
d) Eucalyptus wood

90) Which part of the camphor plant yields camphor?
a) Leaves
b) Buds
c) Flower
d) Wood

91) Cloves are
a) Leaves
b) Flower buds
c) Fruits
d) Seeds

92) Fibres are obtained from
a) Chlorenchyma
b) Sclerenchyma
c) Parenchyma
d) Collenchyma

93) Which is the world’s most important fibre yielding plant?
a) Cotton
b) Teak
c) Bamboo
d) Jute

94) Cotton is obtained from
a) Cocos
b) Brassica
c) Gossypium
d) Arachis

95) Which of the following is a source of textile fibre?
a) Crotalaria juncea
b) Gossypium herbaceum
c) Hibiscus cannabinus
d) Cassia occidentalis

96) Cotton belongs to the family
a) Solanaceae
b) Compositae
c) Cruciferae
d) Malvaceae

97) Cotton fibres are made up of
a) Protein
b) Cellulose
c) Fats
d) Starch

98) Cotton is an example of a
a) Leaf fibre
b) Surface fibre
c) Bast fibre
d) None of these

99) Which state in India leads in cotton production?
a) Gujarat
b) Punjab
c) Maharashtra
d) Karnataka

100) Which species of Gossypium is cultivated most in India?
a) G. arboreum
b) G. hirsutum
c) G. barbadense
d) G. tomentosum



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