Animal Physiology MCQs Part 17

1) In peritoneal dialysis, the dialysate is introduced into the
a) Abdominal cavity
b) Urinary bladder
c) Thoracic cavity
d) Stomach

2) Which of the following is a vital dye?
a) Janus green B
b) Methylene blue
c) Neutral red
d) All of the above

3) Sudan Black B stain
is used to stain

a) Proteins
b) Lipids
c) Nucleic acid
d) Polysaccharide

4) The measurement in an electron microscope is on the scale of
a) Microns
b) Angstroms
c) Picograms
d) Nanometers

5) In which disease does the male have an extra X chromosome?
a) Bleeder’s syndrome
b) Down’s syndrome
c) Turner’s syndrome
d) Klinefelter’s syndrome

6) The electron microscope has revealed the detailed structure of the
a) Ribosome
b) Chloroplast
c) Chromosome
d) All the above

7) Mammography is the science of taking a
a) sketch of the breast
b) sketch of a mother
c) X-ray of a breast
d) study of breast cancer

8) The process of constricting the arteries to prevent blood flow in an
injured part is part of the process called

a) haematuria
b) haemolysis
c) haemostasis
d) haemorrhage

9) An EP Study enables us to
a) evaluate different sensory functions
b) detect clinically silent lesions
c) study hearing and vision in children
d) all of these

10) The MET promises investigation into the field of
a) brain health
b) brain diseases
c) liver diseases
d) both (a) and (b)

11) CT Scanning was developed by
a) Roentgen
b) Godfrey Hounsfield
c) Chardack
d) Laennec

12) Which one of the following techniques, other than microscopy, is used
for the study of the cell?

a) Plasmolysis
b) Maceration
c) Chromatography
d) Auto-radiography

13) The resolution power of a microscope means the capacity to
a) distinguish between two close points
b) magnify the image
c) distinguish between organelles
d) distinguish between two objects

14) The instrument used to listen to the heartbeat is the
a) X-ray
b) Telescope
c) Microscope
d) Stethoscope

15) In the electron microscope, the source of light used is
a) ultra-violet light
b) infra-red light
c) ordinary daylight
d) beam of electrons

16) Angstrom, the unit of measurement in transmission electron microscopy,
is equal to

a) 0.01 mm
b) 0.001 mm
c) 0.0001 mm
d) 0.00001 mm

17) The stethoscope was invented by
a) Koch
b) Waksman
c) Jenner
d) Laennec

18) In case of an artificial pacemaker, the electrode is inserted into the
a) right ventricle
b) left ventricle
c) right auricle
d) left auricle

19) The P wave of ECG depicts
a) ventricular contraction
b) atrial contraction
c) heart block
d) heart failure

20) The first heart transplant was performed by
a) William Harvey
b) Christian Barnard
c) Har Gobind Khorana
d) Walton Lillehel

21) The QRS complex is related to
a) Ventricular contraction
b) Auricular contraction
c) Cardiac cycle
d) Auricular relaxation

22) Which of the following can reveal muscle disorders?
a) ECG
b) EEG
c) EMG
d) All of these

23) Who was the first to record a human EEG?
a) Hans Berger
b) Galileo Galilei
c) Willem Einthoven
d) Sanctorius

24) EEG can help in diagnosing certain conditions like
a) Epilepsy
b) Encephalitis
c) Dementia
d) All of these

25) The super-conducting quantum interference device (SQUID) helps to study the weaker magnetic fields from the
a) Kidney
b) Brain
c) Heart
d) Liver

26) Radiology deals with the study of
a) UV rays
b) Gamma rays
c) Cosmic rays
d) X-rays

27) A barium X-ray examination is useful to investigate the
a) Digestive tract
b) Reproductive system
c) Circulatory system
d) Excretory system

28) Which of the following is used to diagnose diseases related to blood vessels?
a) Radiology
b) Urography
c) Angiography
d) Dialysis

29) The most commonly used contrast X-ray techniques are
a) Angiography
b) Urography
c) Both of these
d) None of these

30) Godfrey Hounsfield and Alan Cormack got the Nobel Prize for the development of computerised tomography in the year
a) 1968
b) 1972
c) 1979
d) 1985

31) Which of the following statements is correct?
a) Computed tomography scanning is also known as CAT
b) CT scanning provides clearer and more detailed information than X-rays
c) CT scanning can be used to obtain images of any part of the body
d) All of these

32) The positron emitting technique is based on
a) Nitrogen 13
b) Carbon 14
c) Oxygen 16
d) None of these

33) The medical use of NMR was developed by
a) Raymond Damadian
b) A.S. Hyman
c) T.H. Maimah
d) Basil Hirschowitz

34) Which of the following does not use ionising radiation?
a) PET scanning
b) CT scanning
c) NMR
d) Contrast X-ray

35) Ultrasound imaging is also known as
a) EEG
b) ECG
c) Echography
d) MRI

36) Sonography uses inaudible high-frequency sound waves in the range of
a) 20-20000 hertz
b) 1-15 million hertz
c) 20000-2 million hertz
d) none

37) Echography is the other name of
a) NMR imaging
b) PET scanning
c) Sonography
d) CT scanning

38) Ultrasound waves are produced when an electric potential is applied to crystals of
a) Lithium halide
b) Lead zirconate
c) Lithium chloride
d) None of these

39) Ultrasound imaging is useful in diagnosing the disease of
a) Brain
b) Gallstones
c) Cirrhosis
d) All of these

40) Which of the following is an implant?
a) Pacemaker
b) Medical laser
c) Oxygenator
d) PET scanning

41) The cells used in a pacemaker are those of
a) Cadmium chloride
b) Lead
c) Lithium halide
d) Zirconium

42) Laser is an acronym for
a) Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation
b) Low atomic serial energy resonance
c) Lead and sulphur emission radiation
d) Low amplitude simultaneous emission of radiation

43) Artificial heart valves may be
a) mechanical
b) made of human tissue
c) made of animal tissue
d) any of these

44) Which type of the following heart valves are generally damaged?
a) Tricuspid valve
b) Eustachian valve
c) Bicuspid valve
d) Aortic semilunar valves

45) What is the percentage of carbon dioxide in the mixture of
and used
in oxygenators?

a) 15-20
b) 10-15
c) 5-10
d) 2-5

46) In which of the following conditions does a person require an artificial kidney?
a) one kidney does not work properly
b) one kidney is completely damaged
c) both kidneys are damaged
d) all of these

47) The blood dialyser is employed for
a) Filtering cancerous cells in leukaemia patients
b) Regulating the blood glucose level in diabetic patients
c) Purifying blood in patients with damaged kidneys
d) Increasing RBCs in anaemic patients

48) Who designed the Jaipur foot?
a) A.S. Hyman
b) P.K. Sethi
c) T.H. Maimah
d) H. Berger

49) The 1992 Nobel prize for medicine was awarded to Edmund Fischer and Edwin Krebs for their work on
a) Regulation of cell processes by reversible phosphorylation
b) The Human genome project
c) Isolation of the gene for a human disease
d) Drug designing involving DNA synthesis of the pathogen

50) Glycogen is related to
a) Glucose
b) Starch
c) Lactose
d) Ribose Sugar

51) A fat molecule consists of
a) Fatty acid and glycerol
b) Fatty acid and protein
c) Glycerol and Protein
d) Glycerol and mucopolysaccharide

52) Cholesterol content is minimum in
a) Fish
b) skimmed cow’s milk
c) Liver
d) Vegetable Oil

53) A semi-indispensable amino acid for human consumption is
a) Valine
b) Lysine
c) Arginine
d) Leucine

54) Insulin (bovine) has 51 amino acids arranged in two polypeptides. The number in polypeptide A is
a) 21
b) 31
c) 30
d) 20

55) Lacteals are white due to the fat present in lymph. What is lymph ?
a) Plasma fluid
b) Chyle
c) Plasma fluid and chyle
d) None of these

56) What happens when a fresh water protozoan is placed in a medium of high osmotic potential?
a) The contractile vacuole will work faster
b) The contractile vacuole will work slower
c) The contractile vacuole will divide to become numerous
d) The contractile vacuole will show no change

57) Quartan Malaria is caused by Plasmodium
a) Ovale
b) Falciparum
c) Malariae
d) Vivax

58) Entamoeba histolytica infections are transmitted through
a) Insects bites
b) Bird droppings
c) Sweat
d) Contamination of water and food

59) Osmoregulation in Amoeba is done by the
a) Contractile vacuole
b) Lobopodia
c) Pseudopodia
d) Nucleus

60) Filter feeding is found in
a) Paramecium
b) Pila
c) Unio
d) Hirudinaria

61) The chief function of the contractile vacuole in protozoans is
a) Respiration
b) Nutrition
c) Circulation
d) Osmoregulation

62) How many young amoebae are hatched from a single cyst of Entamoeba histolytica?
a) Two
b) Four
c) Eight
d) Twelve

63) Which species of Anopheles is the mosquito species responsible for 70 per cent of malaria in India?
a) Falciparum
b) Ovalis
c) Palpalis
d) Culicifacies

64) Sir Ronald Ross discovered that
a) Malaria is caused by foul air
b) Malaria is trasmitted by Anopheles
c) Four species of Plasmodium cause malaria
d) Malaria is caused by a protozoan

65) Who discovered Plasmodium vivax in the R.B.C of man for the first time?
a) Alphonse Laveran
b) Ronald Ross
c) Waldeyer
d) Mendel

66) In India “Sleeping Sickness” is due to the bite of
a) Sand fly
b) Glossina Palpalis
c) Fruit Fly
d) White fly

67) Brunner’s glands are found inside the
a) Oesophagus
b) Stomach
c) Duodenal submucosa
d) Colon

68) The movement of food in the alimentary canal is known as
a) Systole
b) Diastole
c) Peristalsis
d) Metachronal

69) Chylomicrons are
a) Undigested proteins
b) Undigested carbohydrates
c) Fat droplets coated with glycerol and protein
d) Fat droplets coated with phospholipids

70) The earliest known vitamin is
a) Vitamin A
b) Vitamin C
c) Vitamin B1
d) Vitamin K

71) Fatty acids and glycerol are first taken from the alimentary canal by
a) Villi
b) Blood capillaries
c) Hepatic vein
d) Lymph vessels

72) The hormone ‘secretin’ stimulates secretion of
a) Pancreatic juice
b) Bile juice
c) Salivary juice
d) Pancreatic juice and bile

73) Lacteals are associated with
a) Secretion of lactic acid
b) Absorption of fats
c) Production of milk
d) None of these

74) The deficiency of vitamin K causes
a) Impotence
b) Slow clotting of blood
c) Scurvy
d) Pellagra

75) The structure of the insulin molecule was discovered by
a) S. Sanger
b) Lamarck
c) Khorana
d) Darwin

76) The epithelial lining of the alveoli of the frog’s lungs facing the lung cavity is
a) Squamous, ciliated
b) Squamous, nonciliated
c) Columnar, nonciliated
d) Columnar ciliated

77) The respiratory centre in the brain is situated in the
a) Medulla
b) Cerebellum
c) Hypothalamus
d) Pericardium

78) In lungs, the air is separated from the venous blood through
a) Squamous epithelium + endothelium of the blood vessel
b) Squamous epithelium + tunica media of the blood vessel
c) Transitional epithelium + tunica externa of the blood vessel
d) None of these

79) The blood group AB contains
a) No antigen
b) No antibodies
c) No coagulant property
d) All of these

80) The formation of RBCs in the bone marrow is called
a) Haemolysis
b) Leukocytosis
c) Erythropoiesis
d) Lipolysis

81) Blood groups are named for the agglutinogen A and B present in the
a) Plasma
b) R . B . C
c) W. B . C
d) Platelet

82) The presence of Vitamin K is required for the
a) Synthesis of prothrombin
b) Conversion of prothrombin
c) Formation of thromboplastin
d) Conversion of fibrinogen to fibrin

83) The filtration pressure in the human kidneys is about
a) 15 mm Hg
b) 70 mm Hg
c) 45 mm Hg
d) 55 mm Hg

84) The lowest concentration of urea will be found in the
a) Renal artery
b) Renal vein
c) Renal aorta
d) Portal vein

85) Reabsorption of glucose from the glomerular filtrate in the kidney tubule of the frog is carried out by
a) Diffusion
b) Active transport
c) Brownian movement
d) Osmosis

86) The main function of the kidney is
a) Passive absorption
b) Ultrafiltration
c) Selective reabsorption
d) Ultrafiltration and selective reabsorption

87) The duct of Bellini opens onto the
a) Kidney papilla
b) Ureter
c) Collecting ducts
d) DCT

88) The third ventricle of the rabbit’s brain is called the
a) Rhinocoel
b) Rhombocoel
c) Diocoel
d) None of these

89) The crura cerebri are situated in the
a) Diencephalon
b) Optic lobe
c) Cerebellum
d) Cerebrum

90) The largest cell in the body is the
a) Lymph
b) Osteocyte
c) Neuron
d) Chromatophore

91) Most of the neurons in our body are
a) Unipolar
b) Bipolar
c) Pseudo-unipolar
d) Multipolar

92) The Nissl’s granules of the nerve cells are made up of
a) Ribosome
b) Protein
c) DNA
d) RNA

93) Blood does not transport oxygen in the
a) Cockroach
b) Earthworm
c) Frog tadpole
d) Mammalian foetus

94) Haversian canals are found in
a) Long bones of the rabbit
b) Simple sponges of ascon type
c) Internal ears of mammals
d) Spinal cord of vertebrates

95) The sarcolemma is a membrane found over the
a) Nerve fibre
b) Cardiac muscle
c) Muscle fibre
d) Heart

96) Fats are richly found in
a) Alveolar tissue
b) Lymph glands
c) Adipose tissue
d) Liver cells

97) The horizontal canals present in the long bones of mammals are
a) Volkmann’s canals
b) Haversian canals
c) Neural canals
d) None of these

98) Brush border epithelium is found in the
a) Trachea
b) Stomach
c) Small intestine
d) Fallopian tube

99) The famous English physician who wrote about blood circulation in the human body is
a) A. Vesalius
b) fleming
c) Lister
d) William Harvey

100) Vertebrates other than birds and mammals can change the colour of their skin to a certain extent because they possess
a) Chromatophores
b) Melanosomes
c) Melanocytes
d) Melanophages


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